Spring 2016

UCSF-Simons Seminar Series

Wednesday, March 16th, 2016, 4:00 pm5:30 pm

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Steven Brenner (UC Berkeley)


Calvin Lab Room 116

Interpreting Newborn Genomes

This presentation will introduce current approaches and research in interpreting genomes, especially of newborns for rare disease.  The seminar will highlight current approaches, their limitations, and opportunities for new algorithmic developments in this field.

We developed an analysis protocol for individual genome interpretation and used its distinctive features to diagnose numerous clinical cases. We applied the protocol to exomes from newborn patients with undiagnosed primary immune disorders. To yield high quality sets of possible causative variants, we used multiple callers with multisample calling and integrated variant annotation, variant filtering, and gene prioritization.

Our protocol has been similarly revealing in other SCID and CID cases including early diagnosis of Ataxia Telangiectasia, Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome, as well as several novel syndromes.  These cases highlight unique features of the analysis framework that facilitate genetic discovery. These help provide crucial information to offer prompt appropriate treatment, family genetic counseling, and avoidance of diagnostic odyssey.

This talk will also introduce two new projects.  NBSeq explores the feasibility of exome sequencing to augment or replace current tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) technologies in NBS. This aim is conducted under an IRB-approved protocol in collaboration with CDPH, which has shared samples of de-identified archived DBS.  Exome sequencing will be performed in all California newborns found to have metabolic disorders in the past decade, as well as samples that were false positives on the MS-MS screening.

The Critical Assessment of Genome Interpretation (CAGI, \'kā-jē\), is a community experiment to objectively assess computational methods for predicting the phenotypic impacts of genomic variation. In the experiment, participants are provided genetic variants and make predictions of resulting phenotype, for ten challenges. These predictions are evaluated against experimental characterizations by independent assessors. The fourth CAGI experiment is presently concluding, and initial results will be shared.